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Pre-Publication Project Energy

Decarbonisation of buildings and heating

A new EASAC Energy Programme project was launched in 2020 with a new expert group to study the latest scientific evidence and the available experience of implementing policies that aim to deliver the decarbonisation of buildings, and to identify the most cost effective and successful policy options.

Decarbonisation of buildings has an important role in delivering the EU’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions because more than one third of EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions arise from energy consumed in buildings.

Key steps to decarbonising buildings are

  • reduction of overall building energy demand,
  • changes in the mix of energy supplies to buildings, and
  • integration of buildings into smart grid-management systems

Until recently, sustainable heating has been largely neglected in EU energy legislation, but this is now being addressed as part of the European Green Deal. In addition, the 2010 EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was amended in 2018 to require each EU Member State to establish a long term building renovation strategy showing how it will transform its existing building stock into “nearly zero energy buildings”. Currently, the EU is also developing a new sustainability framework, “Level(s)”, to provide a common EU approach for assessing environmental performance of the built environment.

EASAC will present the results of this project in a report containing independent science based advice, and highlighting the most important steps that should be taken by EU policy makers to reduce GHG emissions from buildings, in line with EU climate change commitments.

For more details, see here.

Independent evidence or comments relating to any of the points mentioned above would be welcome, and should be sent to Publication of the report is scheduled for 2021.

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